Here will come a list of publications of the insignia group. Under construction.

Report and deliverables

13. Varroa Control: A Brief Overview of Available Methods

Adequate varroa control is a tool to reduce winter losses (Le Conte et al., 2010; Dainat et al., 2012; Rosenkranz et al., 2010). As beekeepers still fail to choose and implement varroa control methods, there is a need for a better understanding of the mode of action and consequences of the various control methods. This article provides an overview of varroa treatment and provides beekeepers with background information to make varroa control an integral part of beekeeping management. Each control has its efficacy, depending on in-hive conditions. Generally, a combination of control methods appears to be the most effective for year-round low varroa infestation pressure.

Articles in bee journals

Flemming Vejsnæs & INSIGNIA Konsortiet. Bier til miljøovervågning af pesticidanvendelse. Tidsskrift for Biavl. Januar 2019 (1): 25-25. Danmarks Biavlerforening. Download here. Introducing INSIGNIA-danish beekeeper magazine


Alison Gray and the INSIGNIA Consortium (2019). Introducing INSIGNIA (environmental monitoring of pesticide use through honey bees). The Scottish Beekeeper, 96(3), 111 and 113-114.

Alison Gray, Flemming Vejsnaes, Norman Carreck and the INSIGNIA Consortium (2020). An update on the INSIGNIA project (environmental monitoring of pesticide use through honey bees). The Scottish Beekeeper, 97(4), 156-158.

J. van der Steen (2020). Lead rain after the Notre Dame cathedral fire, and how honey bee colonies map this contamination. The Scottish Beekeeper, 97(11), 409-411.

The international INSIGNIA group (2020). Insignia pesticide matrix sampling: The APIStrip is an efficient matrix for bio-monitoring of pesticides using honey bee colonies and most pollen entering bee hives is collected from wild plants rather than crops. Results of the statistical analysis of the 2019 INSIGNIA sampling. The Scottish Beekeeper, 97(11), 426.

Amadeo Fernandez-Alba, Flemming Vejsnæs and Sjef van der Steen (2021). INSIGNIA Group note: Bee-monitoring for microplastics. The Scottish Beekeeper, 98(3), 97-98.